More correctly, we motivate ourselves in a particular direction. He explains that in the business world, intrinsic motivation seems to be much more effective than extrinsic motivation. In other words, people are usually far more motivated by internal rewards like challenge, self-esteem or impact than external rewards like money.
In particular, he highlighted autonomy, mastery and purpose as three key internal rewards which we seek through action. Of course, that can be applied to almost any type of motivation.
You can either want more autonomy or you can be concerned with losing autonomy. You are either motivated by what you have to gain or what you have to lose. The amazing Zig Ziglar once suggested that motivation is like having a bath. It should be something you do every single day. I love that concept as I think that people often think of it as something like jump starting your car. In reality, with the ridiculous amount of things going on in the world that we try to keep track of, it is important that you nurture the kind of emotions you want to continue to have.
I believe motivating someone is an art form and a skill. It is based upon understanding that person and understanding what matters to them. It is also about your ability to transmit your emotion and state to other people.
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It is about knowing whether or not they are better motivated by fear of loss or desire for gain. It is about discovering what already gets them to take action. The reason is because such experts are talking about things that matter in a way that matters. The truth is that all motivation is self-motivation. When others motivate us, all they are doing is getting us to connect inside of ourselves with what matters to us and how important it is for us to take action. The ultimate question often seen at the centre of motivation is the question WHY.
But that is not enough.
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It is about deciding to do a task above other tasks. It implies that we prioritise something over something else.
There are emotional, biological, social, and cognitive factors that all play an important role in motivation. Understanding the causes of motivation can help somebody improve their quality of life, success, self-esteem, and much more. The keyword here is define because each person has the opportunity to decide for themselves what they do and do not prefer. This is why many disagreements can take place because we all have a set of different definitions and beliefs.
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Therefore, it is important to understand that everyone will have a different set of motives and to not make any assumptions. Psychology is focused on understanding the human psyche and how it affects behavior.
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Since motivation is a profound factor in accomplishing a wide range of goals, it often takes center stage in many discussions and sessions. Activation is focused on the actual decision a person will make to begin a specific type of behavior. For example, a person who needs to pay rent and buy food is going to be motivated to action activation by the desire to earn money to pay for these basic necessities.
Persistence is the factor in which a person will continue moving forward with a specific and set goal, even when hurdles are thrown in their way. An example of this would be an individual who takes the required courses for a specific degree, even though it may not be of any interest to them, but is a necessity for the core requirements of that program. Intensity is a factor of just how much concentration, focus, and energy is put into the pursuit of a specific goal.
If an individual is intense and his or her pursuit of a set goal, their motivation will be considered high. The underlying aspects of many of these theories involve basic necessities, desires for external or extrinsic rewards, a sense or desire to fit in, and even to possess the basic necessities of life. There are numerous components that go into motivation, as mentioned previously, but they also include basic instincts, essential drives and specific needs, and even arousal.
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Arousal in this sense does not specifically refer to a sexual intimacy or act, but rather what gets them to feel a sense of fulfillment or accomplishment. Some people have low arousal levels and would be more than content to simply read a book by a nice, warm fire while others have high arousal needs and constantly feel the need to be engaged in risk-seeking behaviors. Basic behaviors, like eating food and sleeping, are driven by the necessities of biological existence. When you feel hungry, you look for something to eat. These basic drives and needs can provide enough motivation for people to go out and get any job, even though they might prefer to look for something else.
When a person is hungry, tired, or cold, their motivation can often become stronger than if they had these needs provided for them.
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Note: This is why some people are okay with living on the street and being homeless while others strive for more success in life. With instinctual motivation, this theory suggests that behaviors are driven by instincts, or fixed, inborn behavioral patterns. There have been numerous psychologists through the years who have focused on these basic human desires as explanations for the things people do, including Sigmund Freud , William James , and William McDougal.
Motivation can affect students from a broad range of backgrounds. Some students are driven by a strong desire to accomplish a certain goal, such as achieving an A on a science test. Other students may be more focused on social components of their time in a college or university, for example, as opposed to the pursuit of a specific degree or attaining certain grades or accomplishments.
Student B may have not found their purpose in life yet so they ay drift from one major to the next and spend more of their time partying and focusing on their social life. Many teachers struggle with student B and spend too much time trying to force the student to learn rather than focusing their energy on helping the student find their passion in life which in turn would motivate the student to learn.
Until the student can associate learning with something that benefits them, teachers will always struggle to capture their attention. Through the years, there have been numerous definitions of motivations by a wide range of authors. For example, in Frederick W. Taylor postulated that employees were driven by economics and therefore higher pay would create more motivation and productivity. Maslow, in contrast, with his Hierarchy of Needs, broke down motivation into five essential categories, including physiological, safety-related, feelings of love, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
Frederick Herzberg, in the s, proposed the theory that he called the Two-Factor Theory which basically broke down motivational factors into hygiene and motivator factors. In , Elton Mayo devised the Human Relations approach , which essentially negated economic factors as motivators. In , McGregor put forth Theory X and Theory Y, which basically stated theory X individuals were lazy and needed a more autocratic style of management to keep them motivated while theory Y individuals actually enjoyed work and need few external motivators to be productive.